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Śrimad Bhagavad Gīta | Chapter 9

ŚRIMAD BHAGAVAD GĪTA
CHAPTER 9
THE WAY OF ROYAL KNOWLEDGE AND ROYAL SECRET


Chapter IX,verse ...

CHAPTERS: ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18


In the eighth (chapter) it has been established that the
Lord is attained by pure devotion. Now in the ninth His most
wonderful glory is being delineated.

अथ नवमोऽध्यायः । राजविद्याराजगुह्ययोगः
atha navamo' dhyāyaḥ | rājavidyārājaguhyayogaḥ

Thus the Ninth Chapter |
The Path of Royal Knowledge and Royal Secret

1.

श्रीभगवानुवाच ।
इदं तु ते गुह्यतमं प्रवक्ष्याम्यनसूयवे ।
ज्ञानं विज्ञानसहितं यज्ज्ञात्वा मोक्ष्यसेऽशुभात् ॥ ९- १ ॥

śrībhagavānuvāca:
idaṃ tu te guhyatamaṃ pravakṣyāmyanasūyave |
jñānaṃ vijñānasahitaṃ yajjñātvā mokṣyase'śubhāt ||

The Blessed Lord said:
To you who are not cavilling, I shall teach this most
secret knowledge in particular, coupled with realization,
knowing which you will be freed from evil.

2.

राजविद्या राजगुह्यं पवित्रमिदमुत्तमम् ।
प्रत्यक्षावगमं धर्म्यं सुसुखं कर्तुमव्ययम् ॥ ९- २ ॥

rājavidyā rājaguhyaṃ pavitramidamuttamam |
pratyakṣāvagamaṃ dharmyaṃ susukhaṃ kartumavyayam ||

This is royal knowledge, the royal secret, supremely holy,
directly experienced, righteous, easy to practice and imperishable.

3.

अश्रद्दधानाः पुरुषा धर्मस्यास्य परन्तप ।
अप्राप्य मां निवर्तन्ते मृत्युसंसारवर्त्मनि ॥ ९- ३ ॥

aśraddadhānāḥ puruṣā dharmasyāsya paraṃtapa |
aprāpya māṃ nivartante mṛtyusaṃsāravartmani ||

Persons wanting in faith in this teaching, O scorcher of
foes, return to the path of this mortal world without
attaining Me.

4.

मया ततमिदं सर्वं जगदव्यक्तमूर्तिना ।
मत्स्थानि सर्वभूतानि न चाहं तेष्ववस्थितः ॥ ९- ४ ॥

mayā tatamidaṃ sarvaṃ jagadavyaktamūrtinā |
matsthāni sarvabhūtāni na cāhaṃ teṣvavasthitaḥ ||

All this is pervaded by Me of unmanifest form;
all beings are in Me but I am not in them.

5.

न च मत्स्थानि भूतानि पश्य मे योगमैश्वरम् ।
भूतभृन्न च भूतस्थो ममात्मा भूतभावनः ॥ ९- ५ ॥

na ca matsthāni bhūtāni paśya me yogamaiśvaram |
bhūtabhṛnna ca bhūtastho mamātmā bhūtabhāvanaḥ ||

Nor are the beings in Me, behold My divine mystery;
(though) the sustainer and the protector of beings, yet
My Self is not in these beings.

6.

यथाकाशस्थितो नित्यं वायुः सर्वत्रगो महान् ।
तथा सर्वाणि भूतानि मत्स्थानीत्युपधारय ॥ ९- ६ ॥

yathākāśasthito nityaṃ vāyuḥ sarvatrago mahān |
tathā sarvāṇi bhūtāni matsthānītyupadhāraya ||

As the vast wind blowing everywhere ever abides in space,
know, even so do all beings abide in Me.

7.

सर्वभूतानि कौन्तेय प्रकृतिं यान्ति मामिकाम् ।
कल्पक्षये पुनस्तानि कल्पादौ विसृजाम्यहम् ॥ ९- ७ ॥

sarvabhūtāni kaunteya prakṛtiṃ yānti māmikām |
kalpakṣaye punastāni kalpādau visṛjāmyaham ||

At the end of a cycle all beings, O son of Kunti, attain My
Prakriti; at the beginning of the (next) cycle I again send
them forth.

8.

प्रकृतिं स्वामवष्टभ्य विसृजामि पुनः पुनः ।
भूतग्राममिमं कृत्स्नमवशं प्रकृतेर्वशात् ॥ ९- ८ ॥

prakṛtiṃ svāmavaṣṭabhya visṛjāmi punaḥ punaḥ |
bhūtagrāmamimaṃ kṛtsnamavaśaṃ prakṛtervaśāt ||

Presiding over My Nature (Prakriti), I again and again
send forth this entire aggregate of helpless beings,
according to their nature.

9.

न च मां तानि कर्माणि निबध्नन्ति धनञ्जय ।
उदासीनवदासीनमसक्तं तेषु कर्मसु ॥ ९- ९ ॥

na ca māṃ tāni karmāṇi nibadhnanti dhanaṃjaya |
udāsīnavadāsīnamasaktaṃ teṣu karmasu ||

These acts (of creation, etc.) do not bind Me, O Arjuna,
who remain unattached to them like one indifferent.

10.

मयाध्यक्षेण प्रकृतिः सूयते सचराचरम् ।
हेतुनानेन कौन्तेय जगद्विपरिवर्तते ॥ ९- १० ॥

mayādhyakṣeṇa prakṛtiḥ sūyate sacarācaram |
hetunānena kaunteya jagadviparivartate ||

Presiding over by Me, Prakriti brings forth the world of
moving and unmoving things; for that reason, O son of
Kunti (Arjuna), the world revolves.

11.

अवजानन्ति मां मूढा मानुषीं तनुमाश्रितम् ।
परं भावमजानन्तो मम भूतमहेश्वरम् ॥ ९- ११ ॥

avajānanti māṃ mūḍhā mānuṣīṃ tanumāśritam |
paraṃ bhāvamajānanto mama bhūtamaheśvaram ||

The ignorant deride Me who have taken a human form,
not knowing My higher nature as the great Lord of beings.

12.

मोघाशा मोघकर्माणो मोघज्ञाना विचेतसः ।
राक्षसीमासुरीं चैव प्रकृतिं मोहिनीं श्रिताः ॥ ९- १२ ॥

moghāśā moghakarmāṇo moghajñānā vicetasaḥ |
rākṣasīmāsurīṃ caiva prakṛtiṃ mohinīṃ śritāḥ ||

Of vain hopes, of vain efforts, of vain knowledge, thoughtless
and taking to the deceptive and demoniac and fiendish
nature (they deride Me).

13.

महात्मानस्तु मां पार्थ दैवीं प्रकृतिमाश्रिताः ।
भजन्त्यनन्यमनसो ज्ञात्वा भूतादिमव्ययम् ॥ ९- १३ ॥

mahātmānastu māṃ pārtha daivīṃ prakṛtimāśritāḥ |
bhajantyananyamanaso jñātvā bhūtādimavyayam ||

But the great-souled ones taking to the divine nature, O
Pārtha, worship me with one-pointed devotion, knowing
Me to be the cause of all beings and immutable.

14.

सततं कीर्तयन्तो मां यतन्तश्च दृढव्रताः ।
नमस्यन्तश्च मां भक्त्या नित्ययुक्ता उपासते ॥ ९- १४ ॥

satataṃ kīrtayanto māṃ yatantaśca dṛḍhavratāḥ |
namasyantaśca māṃ bhaktyā nityayuktā upāsate ||

Always praising Me, striving with austere vows, and
bowing down to Me with devotion, always steadfast, they
worship Me.

15.

ज्ञानयज्ञेन चाप्यन्ये यजन्तो मामुपासते ।
एकत्वेन पृथक्त्वेन बहुधा विश्वतोमुखम् ॥ ९- १५ ॥

jñānayajñena cāpyanye yajanto māmupāsate |
ekatvena pṛthaktvena bahudhā viśvatomukham ||

Worshipping through the knowledge-sacrifice others adore
Me, either as identical or as as separate, or they adore Me,
the manifold in different forms.

16.

अहं क्रतुरहं यज्ञः स्वधाहमहमौषधम् ।
मन्त्रोऽहमहमेवाज्यमहमग्निरहं हुतम् ॥ ९- १६ ॥

ahaṃ kraturahaṃ yajñaḥ svadhāhamahamauṣadham |
mantro'hamahamevājyamahamagnirahaṃ hutam ||

I am Kratu, I am Yajna, I am the oblations to the Manes, I
am the product of the annuals, I am the Mantra, I alone
am the clarified butter, I am the (sacrificial) fire and the
offering in the fire.

17.

पिताहमस्य जगतो माता धाता पितामहः ।
वेद्यं पवित्रमोंकार ऋक्साम यजुरेव च ॥ ९- १७ ॥

pitāhamasya jagato mātā dhātā pitāmahaḥ |
vedyaṃ pavitramoṃkāra ṛksāma yajureva ca ||

I am the father of this world, the mother, the dispenser, the
grandsire, that which is to be known, the purifier, the Om
and also the Vedas – Rik, Sāman and Yajus.

18.

गतिर्भर्ता प्रभुः साक्षी निवासः शरणं सुहृत् ।
प्रभवः प्रलयः स्थानं निधानं बीजमव्ययम् ॥ ९- १८ ॥

gatirbhartā prabhuḥ sākṣī nivāsaḥ śaraṇaṃ suhṛt |
prabhavaḥ pralayaḥ sthānaṃ nidhānaṃ bījamavyayam ||

I am the goal, the sustainer, the Lord, the witness, the
abode, the refuge, the friend, the source, the destroyer,
the support, the repository and the eternal seed.

19.

तपाम्यहमहं वर्षं निगृह्णाम्युत्सृजामि च ।
अमृतं चैव मृत्युश्च सदसच्चाहमर्जुन ॥ ९- १९ ॥

tapāmyahamahaṃ varṣaṃ nigṛṇhāmyutsṛjāmi ca |
amṛtaṃ caiva mṛtyuśca sadasaccāhamarjuna ||

I give heat, I restrain and let loose the rain, I am immortality,
I am death, I am manifest and unmanifest also, O Arjuna.

20.

त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा
यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते ।
ते पुण्यमासाद्य सुरेन्द्रलोक-
मश्नन्ति दिव्यान्दिवि देवभोगान् ॥ ९- २० ॥

traividyā māṃ somapāḥ pūtapāpā
yajñairiṣṭvā svargatiṃ prārthayante |
te puṇyamāsādya surendralokaṃ
aśnanti divyāndivi devabhogān ||

The knowers of the Vedas, purified from sins by drinking
the Soma juice and worshipping me with sacrifices, pray
for access to heaven; they having attained the meritorious
sphere of Indra, experience in heaven celestial enjoyments
of the gods.

21.

ते तं भुक्त्वा स्वर्गलोकं विशालं
क्षीणे पुण्ये मर्त्यलोकं विशन्ति ।
एवं त्रयीधर्ममनुप्रपन्ना
गतागतं कामकामा लभन्ते ॥ ९- २१ ॥

te taṃ bhuktvā svargalokaṃ viśālaṃ
kṣīṇe puṇye martyalokaṃ viśanti |
evaṃ trayīdharmamanuprapannā
gatāgataṃ kāmakāmā labhante ||

Having enjoyed the extensive heavenly sphere, when
their virtue is exhausted, they enter the mortal world. Thus
those who take refuge in the religion of the Vedas, desirous
of enjoyments, go and come.

22.

अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जनाः पर्युपासते ।
तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां योगक्षेमं वहाम्यहम् ॥ ९- २२ ॥

ananyāścintayanto māṃ ye janāḥ paryupāsate |
teṣāṃ nityābhiyuktānāṃ yogakṣemaṃ vahāmyaham ||

Those persons, who think of nothing else and worship Me
through meditation-the accession to and the maintenance
of the welfare of such ever devout persons I look after.

23.

येऽप्यन्यदेवता भक्ता यजन्ते श्रद्धयान्विताः ।
तेऽपि मामेव कौन्तेय यजन्त्यविधिपूर्वकम् ॥ ९- २३ ॥

ye'pyanyadevatābhaktā yajante śraddhayānvitāḥ |
te'pi māmeva kaunteya yajantyavidhipūrvakam ||

Even those devotees of other gods who worship (them)
endowed with faith, worship Me alone, O son of Kunti
(Arjuna), though in an unauthorized way.

24.

अहं हि सर्वयज्ञानां भोक्ता च प्रभुरेव च ।
न तु मामभिजानन्ति तत्त्वेनातश्च्यवन्ति ते ॥ ९- २४ ॥

ahaṃ hi sarvayajñānāṃ bhoktā ca prabhureva ca |
na tu māmabhijānanti tattvenātaścyavanti te ||

I am the enjoyer, and the Lord also, of all sacrifices. But
they do not know Me in truth; therefore they fall down.

25.

यान्ति देवव्रता देवान्पितॄन्यान्ति पितृव्रताः ।
भूतानि यान्ति भूतेज्या यान्ति मद्याजिनोऽपि माम् ॥ ९- २५ ॥

yānti devavratā devānpitйnyānti pitṛvratāḥ |
bhūtāni yānti bhūtejyā yānti madyājino'pi mām ||

The worshippers of the gods go to the gods, the worshippers
of the manes go to the manes, the worshippers of the
spirits go to the spirits, and My worshippers too come to Me.

26.

पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति ।
तदहं भक्त्युपहृतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मनः ॥ ९- २६ ॥

patraṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ toyaṃ yo me bhaktyā prayacchati |
tadahaṃ bhaktyupahṛtamaśnāmi prayatātmanaḥ ||

He who with devotion offers Me a leaf, a flower, a fruit or
water, that devout offering of the pure-minded one I accept.

27.

यत्करोषि यदश्नासि यज्जुहोषि ददासि यत् ।
यत्तपस्यसि कौन्तेय तत्कुरुष्व मदर्पणम् ॥ ९- २७ ॥

yatkaroṣi yadaśnāsi yajjuhoṣi dadāsi yat |
yattapasyasi kaunteya tatkuruṣva madarpaṇam ||

Whatever you do, or eat, or sacrifice, or give, whatever
austerity you perform, that, O son of Kunti, offer unto Me.

28.

शुभाशुभफलैरेवं मोक्ष्यसे कर्मबन्धनैः ।
संन्यासयोगयुक्तात्मा विमुक्तो मामुपैष्यसि ॥ ९- २८ ॥

śubhāśubhaphalairevaṃ mokṣyase karmabandhanaiḥ |
saṃnyāsayogayuktātmā vimukto māmupaiṣyasi ||

Thus you will be rid of the bonds of action resulting in good
and evil; being free and with your mind endowed with the
Yoga of renunciation, you will attain Me.

29.

समोऽहं सर्वभूतेषु न मे द्वेष्योऽस्ति न प्रियः ।
ये भजन्ति तु मां भक्त्या मयि ते तेषु चाप्यहम् ॥ ९- २९ ॥

samo'haṃ sarvabhūteṣu na me dveṣyo'sti na priyaḥ |
ye bhajanti tu māṃ bhaktyā mayi te teṣu cāpyaham ||

I am the same to all beings; there is no one hateful or dear
to Me; but they who worship Me with devotion, are in Me,
and I am also in them.

30.

अपि चेत्सुदुराचारो भजते मामनन्यभाक् ।
साधुरेव स मन्तव्यः सम्यग्व्यवसितो हि सः ॥ ९- ३० ॥

api cetsudurācāro bhajate māmananyabhāk |
sādhureva sa mantavyaḥ samyagvyavasito hi saḥ ||

Even if a very wicked person worships Me to the exclusion
of anybody else, he should be regarded as righteous, for he
has rightly resolved.

31.

क्षिप्रं भवति धर्मात्मा शश्वच्छान्तिं निगच्छति ।
कौन्तेय प्रतिजानीहि न मे भक्तः प्रणश्यति ॥ ९- ३१ ॥

kṣipraṃ bhavati dharmātmā śaśvacchāntiṃ nigacchati |
kaunteya pratijānīhi na me bhaktaḥ praṇaśyati ||

He soon becomes righteous-minded and attains eternal
peace; O Son of Kunti, proclaim (to the world) that My
devotee never perishes.

32.

मां हि पार्थ व्यपाश्रित्य येऽपि स्युः पापयोनयः ।
स्त्रियो वैश्यास्तथा शूद्रास्तेऽपि यान्ति परां गतिम् ॥ ९- ३२ ॥

māṃ hi pārtha vyapāśritya ye'pi syuḥ pāpayonayaḥ |
striyo vaiśyāstathā śūdrāste'pi yānti parāṃ gatim ||

Even they who are of sinful birth, women, Vaishyas, as also
Sudras, taking refuge in Me, verily attain the highest goal.

33.

किं पुनर्ब्राह्मणाः पुण्या भक्ता राजर्षयस्तथा ।
अनित्यमसुखं लोकमिमं प्राप्य भजस्व माम् ॥ ९- ३३ ॥

kiṃ punarbrāhmaṇāḥ puṇyā bhaktā rājarṣayastathā |
anityamasukhaṃ lokamimaṃ prāpya bhajasva mām ||

Not to mention virtuous Brāhmanas and devoted royal sages.
Having attained this ephemeral joyless body, worship Me.

34.

मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु ।
मामेवैष्यसि युक्त्वैवमात्मानं मत्परायणः ॥ ९- ३४ ॥

manmanā bhava madbhakto madyājī māṃ namaskuru |
māmevaiṣyasi yuktvaivamātmānaṃ matparāyaṇaḥ ||

Fix your mind on Me, be My devotee, sacrifice to
Me and bow down to Me; thus fixing the mind on Me
and having Me for the supreme goal, you will attain Me alone.

In this ninth chapter named the royal secret the Lord has spoken
out of His grace about His own transcendental glory and the
wonderful greatness of devotion.

ॐ तत्सदिति श्रीमद्भगवद्गीतासूपनिषत्सु
ब्रह्मविद्यायां योगशास्त्रे श्रीकृष्णार्जुनसंवादे
राजविद्याराजगुह्ययोगो नाम नवमोऽध्यायः ॥ ९ ॥

OM tatsaditi śrīmad bhagavadgītāsūpaniṣatsu
brahmavidyāyāṃ yogaśāstre śrīkṛṣṇārjunasaṃvāde
rājavidyārājaguhyayogo nāma navamo'dhyāyaḥ