Buddhism Philosophy & Teachings

Schools of Buddhism | Introduction

We will give next a general historical account of the chief branches of Buddhist thought in India such as Vaibhasikas, Sautrantikas, Yogacaras and Madhyamikas and briefly show their relation to the central teachings of the Buddha such as three fundamental principles of Impermanence (anitya), Sorrow (duhkha), and Non-self (anātman).

Sambhogakaya - 5 Wisdoms and Buddha families

Sambhogakaya can be translated as “the body of perfect enjoyment”. “Sam” means perfect, “bhoga” means enjoyment and kaya is roughly translated as body. Sambhogakaya can be understood as “the body of teaching”, but not really in the sense of some doctrine or speaking.Here we mean rather some teaching or wisdom that is intrinsically contained in the body of enlightenment and becomes evident in its completeness...

Dharmakaya - the ever present Body of Enlightenment

Dharmakaya is the Body of Enlightenment, which is characterised by emptiness and purity. When Mahayana Buddhists think about Buddha – they think about eternally present enlightened Dharmakaya, not exactly the historical figure of Buddha Shakyamuni

15 Karmapa on benefits of Om Mani Peme Hung mantra

Here is an excerpt from the writing of the Fifteenth Gyalwa Karmapa Khakyab Dorje (1871–1922), the Head Lama of the Karma Kagyu tradition, on the meaning and benefits of Chenrezig’s mantra OM MANI PEME HUNG. Karmapa has given this commentary on a Four-Armed Chenrezig practice at the request of two of his female disciples:

Dharma in Sautrantika Buddhist philosophy

We can conclude that the most general meaning of the notion of “dharma” is an element from what the existence consists. But because the Buddhist philosophy recognizes altogether 75 types of those elements, it would not be far from truth to name each one of them or even all of them together by word “dharma”. Particular meaning becomes more clear upon viewing it in particular...

Dharma classifications to āyatana and dhātu

“Āyatana” means “Entrance” (or “doors”); here it is “entrance” for a consciousness and psychic elements. Consciousness never arise by itself, by itself it would be pure and without any content and we hardly would call it a consciousness. It is always supported by 2 elements: the source of knowledge (sensation) and its corresponding object.


Answering the question why Buddha speaking on the objects of enquiry observed them in 3 ways, i.e. divided them in Aggregates (Skandha), Bases (of Consciousness) and classes (dhātu) of elements, Vasubandhu in AK1; 20 says: “Living beings use to have delusions of 3 kinds: Some are in illusions in regards to psychic phenomena, viewing it as an atman, “I”, others – in regards to matter,...

Dharmas with anxiety and without: the Path

As a first thing that is understood when prajna is present in the flow comes the knowledge of the theory of elements, understanding that there are no permanent personality, that so called “personality” is in fact a set of 18 ingredients (dhātu). When the wrong views about “kind of” existing personality is dispelled, the Path emerges that leads to the final liberation.

Dharmas with anxiety and without: Suffering

One of the most significant features of dharma-elements in Buddhism philosophy is that they are creating so called “dukha”, a notion that is usually translated as “suffering”, “sorrows”, etc. but in theory it implies some other meaning.

What is Stupa

Stupas are the famous Buddhist sacral buildings, places of pilgrimage and the high reverence in the Buddhist world since the ancient times. They are containing relics of Buddha Shakyamuni, those of other Enlightened Buddhas, powerful Buddhist scriptures, mantras and jewels. Each element of these structures holds a symbolic meaning and has received appropriate consecrations from high Buddhist teachers.

mantra and how does it work

A few words on the mantra practice should be said. In my articles about Buddha aspects and sutras you may find some mantras. And probably many more on the internet. For those of you who are not very familiar with what mantras are, what to do with them and how, I should give some explanation.