Classic Vedic & Hindu texts

Brahma Sūtras by Rāmānuja | Śrī Bhāshya

Śrī Bhāshya is the commentary by Śrī Rāmānuja on the Brahma Sutras of Bādarāyaṇa alias Vyāsa; and these Sutras form one of the earliest summary on the later portion of the Veda, known as the Upanishads or the Jñāna Kāṇda – the portion of Vedas dealing with Wisdom, as opposite to the Karma Kāṇda or the earlier portion of Veda dealing with offerings to various Devas and rituals for gaining material and spiritual prosperity.

Devī Māhātmyam | Durgā Saptashatī

The Devi Mahātmyam or Devi Mahātmya (Sanskrit: देवीमाहात्म्यम्), or "Glory of the Goddess") is a very popular devotional text in Hinduism and a root text of Śaktism, from Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa describing the victory of the goddess Durgā over the demon Mahishasura. Devī Māhātmyam is also known as the Durgā Saptashatī (दुर्गासप्तशती) or simply Saptashatī, Caṇḍī (चण्डी) or Caṇḍī Pāṭha (चण्डीपाठः): . The text is called Saptaśati as it contains 700 verses (saptashata; "seven hundred"), arranged into 13 chapters.

Shikshapatri of Swaminarayan

Shikshapatri means The Code of Precepts. It is the direct words and teachings of the founder of the tradition of Hinduism known as Swaminarayan Hinduism. Bhagwan Swaminarayan Himself wrote this quintessence of the scriptures, a code of conduct for the devotees, in Vadtal, in 1826. It contains 212 Sanskrit verses in couplets. Bhagwan Swaminarayan has covered an amazing range of subjects, prescribing practical injunctions for the followers. To those who implicitly obey them, He grants happiness and peace.

Mudhal Thiruvandhadhi | Poigai Āḻvār

Poigai Āḻvār was the forerunner of the Āḻvār tradition, who hailed from Kānchīpuram. Poigai Āḻvār, along with Bhutat Āḻvār who was born in Mahābalipuram, and Pei Āḻvār born in Mylapore in Chennai, are referred to as Mudhal Āḻvārs, and were born on successive days in the same month and year. According to historical belief, the first three Āḻvārs came together for the first time on a stormy night, seeking shelter in an anteroom of a house in Thirukkovalur, near the shrine of Trivikrama, in Tamil Nadu.

Nācciyār Tirumoḷi | Āṇḍāḷ

Govinda appeared in dream to Periyāḻvār: "My dearest Periyāḻvār, Viṣṇucitta! For singing verses of glory and wearing my garlands Godā has earned a special place in my heart. She is my beloved Bhūdevī (Mother-Earth) and only appeared as your daughter and she shall be called Āṇḍāḷ hereafter. Do not try to stop her from wearing the garlands. She should continue wearing them." Āṇḍāḷ wrote Tiruppāvai (30 verses) and Nācciyār Tirumoḷi (143 verses) as a prapatti to the Lord and to seek refuge at His Lotus feet.

Irandam Thiruvandhadhi | Bhutat Āḻvār

Irandam Thiruvandhadhi | Bhutat Āḻvār. If only we recite Nārāyaṇa’s names in a state of pure love born out of inner realisation of His ‘svarūpa’ and ‘vibhūti’, and our relationship with Him, that will surely elevate us to the level of our spiritual kinfolk, the celestial beings of Śrī Vaikuṇṭha, eternally blessed to serve the Lord. They, who are devoted to the sacred feet of the Lord of Milk Ocean with offerings of fragrant flowers, will reach His abode of Vaikuṇṭha of resplendent beauty.

Nāṉmukaṉ Thiruvandhadhi | Thirumaḻisai Āḻvār

Only two poetic works of Thirumaḻisai Āḻvār are available for us to study: One is Thiruchanda Virutham with 120 verses and Nāṉmukaṉ Thiruvandhadhi with 96 verses. It is said that Āḻvār threw all the manuscripts of his works into the Cauvery river and these two manuscripts floated against the stream.. Even today one can see the Vrindāvan and a beautiful shrine where Āḻvār is said to have had his Āshram in Tirukuṭantai. The holy shrine of the Āḻvār also exists in his birthplace Thirumaḻisai.

Tirumāḷai | Thondaradipodi Āḻvār

Once, Thondaradipodi Āḻvār left Mandangudi on a pilgrimage and headed towards Srirangam, the foremost among divya deśas. Śrī Raṅganātha captivated his mind in the very first darśan and the Āḻvār who came on a tour remained there in a grove near the temple permanently. He could not bear to go away from the Lord whose beauty and grace he describes in his “Tirumāḷai”(45 verses)verses as also in his other poem Thirupalliyezhuchi. He constantly recaptured the grace of the Lord who lay down facing Lanka.

Perumāḷ Tirumoḷi | Kulaśekhara Āḻvār

Kulaśekhara Āḻvār was born as a prince to Chera king Dhidavrathan and Nādhanāyagi on the same month and nakṣatra as that of Lord Rāma. The child when born looked divine and made everyone happier and cheerful. One night, The Lord wished to divert Kulaśekhara's attention to Him and he appeared as Lord Tirupati Veṅkaṭa in the king's dream and blessed him. The king Kulaśekhara was overwhelmed with the Lord's love and beauty; he became tranquil and was only thinking always of the Lord:

Thiruchanda Virutham | Thirumaḻisai Āḻvār

Thirumaḻisai Āḻvār was chronologically the fourth of the 12 Āḻvārs, who has been living right between Peyāḷvar and Nammāḷvār. The name of Thirumaḻisai Āḻvār comes from his birthplace, Thirumaḻisai, a suburb in modern day Chennai. Thiruchanda Virutham presented on the following pages is one of his 2 works, consisting of 120 verses. The name Thiruchanda Virutham can be translated as 'The Poem of Beautiful Verse' and you can read it in following pages.