Classic Vedic & Hindu texts

Periyāḻvār Tirumoḷi | Periyāḻvār

We already discussed recently the biography of Periyāḻvār – or Āḻvār ‘the Great’ – at length – on a separate page, as also Periyāḻvār’s most popular work - Tiruppallāṇdu – which can roughly be translated as “Be forever our Lord!” – however – it was only the first chapter of a much larger work called Periyāḻvār Tirumoḷi or the Holy Verses of Āḻvār the Great. the favourite Divine incarnation of Periyāḻvār was the small Krishna, whom he calls differently – as Krishna, Nārāyaṇa, Kaṇṇaṉ, Māyaṉ, etc.

Amalān Ādi Pirāṉ | Tiruppānāḷvar

Tiruppānāḷvar was completely immersed in divine love all his life with his mind fixed on the Arcā mūrti, Lord Śrī Raṅganātha. Vishnu appeared in the dream of sage Loka Sāranga and commanded him to fetch Pānar to the temple the next morning in his shoulders. When they reached the sanctum, Pānar experienced the bliss of Raṅganātha and composed the Amalān Ādi Pirāṉ, a poem describing the beauty from head to foot of Vishnu in ten verses and ultimately laid his life at the feet of the deity.

Kaṇṇiṇun Siruthāmbu | Madhurakavi Āḻvār

Madhura Kavi is that celebrated Āḻvār, who had no interest in worldly attainments or Lord’s grace, since his mind was totally occupied by the thoughts about his Ācārya, Swāmi Nammāḷvār. His connection with Ācārya was the only one that mattered to him. His sole enjoyment was the singing of the four great poems of Swāmi Nammāḷvār everywhere as the four Tamil Vedas instead of studying the Upanishads or the divya prabandhams of other Āḻvārs.

Tiruppallāṇdu | by Periyāḻvār

One evening, the king took Viṣṇu-citta on a ceremonial parade around the city on his elephant. Śrīman Nārāyaṇa, delighted to see all these honours being showered on the Āḻvār, appeared in the sky on His Garuda Vāhana with Śrī Mahālakṣmī. He always enjoyed Krishna as a child, blessed the Lord with a long life imagining himself as the Lord's mother and sang his "Tiru-Pallāṇḍu" verse. He came to be called "Periyāḻvār" as he thought of himself as elder to the Lord Himself to bless Him.

Thirupalliyezhuchi | Thondaradipodi Āḻvār

Thirupalliyezhuchi by Thondaradipodi Āḻvār The Āḻvār, Śrī Thondar-adi-podi (dust of the feet of the devotees of the Lord), in these verses requests the Lord of Śrīraṅgam to awake from his Yoga Nidrā to bless all those gathered to receive his Darśan. With a fine description of the nature around Śrīraṅgam and a broad canvas of poetic imagery, the verses carry the refrain: O’ Śrī Raṅganātha be pleased to arise and bless us all! (Arangathama Palliyezhundarulaye).

Periya Thiruvandhadhi | Nammāḷvār

Periya Thiruvandhadhi is another work of the famous Vaishnava Āḻvār Nammāḷvār – one and probably the most popular of ancient Vaiṣṇavite saints. The present poem of Śrī Nammāḷvār consists of 87 verses and also forms a part of Nālāyira Divya Prabandham - also known as Drāviḍa Veda – consisting of 4000 verses altogether. Another, much longer poem of the same - Tiruvāymoḷi we could read earlier. Works of the Āḻvārs are chanted on a regular basis as part of daily pujas and daily practice.

Tiruppāvai of Āṇḍāḷ | Divya Prabandham

Here I continue to publish significant works of Drāviḍa Veda – Divya Prabandham – and this time – it is the work Tiruppāvai in 30 verses by an ancient Tamil saint – Śrī Āṇḍāḷ - the only female saint among the classical 12 Āḻvār saints of Śrī Vaiṣṇavism. The work itself in original Tamil transliterated text and English translation can be read on this current page, but there are classical commentaries of each verse provided in the following pages. They are very recommended indeed.

Tiruvāymoḷi of Śrī Nammāḷvār | Divya Prabandham

Tiruvāymoḷi of Śrī Nammāḷvār | Divya Prabandham. This work comprises of ten hundreds - centums or hundred decades, each of which is called a “Tiruvāymoḷi” which means “Inspired utterance” as well as “Divine speech”, the speech from the holy mouth of the Saint Nammāḷvār. Tiruvāymoḷi of Śrī Nammāḷvār is also a part of what is known as Collection of Works of ancient Vaiṣṇavite Āḻvārs or Ancient Saints – usually called Divya Prabandham or also known as Drāviḍa Veda.

Shandilya Bhakti Sūtras

Śrī Śāṇḍilya is a great rishi of an ancient time. Śāṇḍilya's Bhakti Sūtras are numbering all total one hundred only but within this compass he has given an unambiguous Doctrine of unalloyed Bhakti and demons­trates that Bhakti is the unshakable attachment to the Supreme Godhead and that is the only way for one striving to become immortal, beatific and eternally blissful.” He says Jñāna is not indispensable for culturing Bhakti. At the dawn of Bhakti Jñāna itself is totally lost of its charm and significance.

Vivekachudamani: The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination | Śankara-ācārya

The Vivekacūḍāmaṇi, literally "The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination," is perhaps the most famous non-commentarial work of Śankara that expounds Vedanta philosophy. Viveka means “discrimination”, Cūḍā is crest and Mani – jewel. Hence the title means “Crest jewel of discrimination”. Just as the jewel on the crest of a diadem is the most conspicuous ornament on the person’s body, so the present treatise is a masterpiece among works treating of discrimination between the Real and the Unreal.