Philosophy Category

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index. Here you can read online the works of one of the most influential and important Philosopher of the Ancient Greece Plato. Without studies of Plato it may be very difficult to understand later Western Idealistic philosophies, including those of Christianity and especially those of Eastern Orthodox Christianity - they all have developed under influence of...

René Descartes | Discourse on the Method

René Descartes (31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Considered one of the fathers of modern western philosophy, much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. One of his fundamental works was Discourse on the Method which we will read on the following pages. Basic maxim of the...

Three Dialogues | George Berkeley

George Berkeley (1685-1753) – is without a doubt my favourite Western Philosopher – since it was he – a notable Christian Theologian and Philosopher – who first in Western Philosophy came so close and elaborated the concept – so familiar since very long time in Indian religious philosophy – especially in Buddhist Yogācāra school and later the teachings of Śankara – Subjective Idealism – initially called "immaterialism" – by George Berkeley himself.

Republic | Plato

Republic Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) Translated by Benjamin Jowett Republic | Book I - Part 1 SOCRATES - GLAUCON I went down yesterday to the Piraeus with Glaucon the son of Ariston, that I might offer up my prayers to the goddess; and also because I wanted to see in what manner they would celebrate the festival, which was a new thing. I...

First Alcibiades | Plato

First Alcibiades Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) Translated by Benjamin Jowett Persons of the dialogue: Alcibiades - /a prototype of a prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general In times of Plato - Alcibiades (c. 450 – 404 BC), see statue/, Socrates. Then you or anyone who means to govern and superintend, not only himself and the things of himself, but the state and the...

Six Enneads | Plotinus

Plotinus (c. 204-270) is often accredited as the founder of Neo-Platonism . In an attempt to revive Platonic thought, this 3 rd century philosopher and mystic wrote about issues such as virtue, happiness, reason, body, and soul, with Plato's philosophy as his guide. Like Plato, Plotinus had much disdain for material things and instead embraced the idea of a higher realm of immaterial intelligibility. Plotinus...

Perpetual Peace | Immanuel Kant

Perpetual Peace by Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) A Philosophical Essay, 1795. The Definitive Articles of a Perpetual Peace between States I. ‘The Civil Constitution in every State shall be Republican.’ II. ‘The Right of Nations shall be founded on a Federation of Free States.’ III. ‘The Rights of men as Citizens of the world in a cosmo-political system, shall be restricted to conditions of universal Hospitality.’

Apology of Socrates | Plato

Apology of Socrates Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) Translated by Benjamin Jowett How you, O Athenians, have been affected by my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that they almost made me forget who I was – so persuasively did they speak; and yet they have hardly uttered a word of truth. The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways...

Seneca | Moral Letters to Lucilius

Moral letters to Lucilius - Among the personalities of the early Roman Empire there are few who offer to the readers of today such dramatic interest as does Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 BC – AD 65) , the author of the Epistles which are published in the following pages. These letters are all addressed to Lucilius. The writer deals with subjects, such as Moral...

Christian Principles and War

An Inquiry Into The Accordance Of War With the Principles Of Christianity And An Examination Of The Philosophical Reasoning By Which It Is Defended With Observations On Some Of The Causes Of War And On Some Of Its Effects; BY JONATHAN DYMOND; 1. Causes of War | 2. Inquiry: Christianity and War | - 3. The Effects of War | CHAPTER 3; The object of...

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