Philosophy Category

Śrīvacana Bhūṣaṇa | Piḷḷai Lokācārya

Piḷḷai-lokācārya who preferred a solitary and tranquil residence moved to a temple of Lord Narasiṁha in the outskirts of Śrī Raṅgam and it was here that he delivered discourses on Dharma to all who would listen. He taught in a very simple and skilful manner which is reflected in his writings. Piḷḷai-lokācārya opposed all differences based upon, caste, gender, nationality etc. He exemplified the doctrine...

Prapanna Pārijāta | Servant’s Heritage

The name Prapanna Pārijāta was given to the work by the author himself. This book was written by Śrī Vatsya Varadaguru (more popularly known as Nadadoor Ammal) who was the preceptor of Vedanta Deśika’s preceptor, a Saint of 12th century. The name Prapanna Pārijāta author himself defines thus: “That is to say, the essential requisites of a virtuous character have been collected here from various...

Śrī Bhakti-Rasamrita-Sindhu

This is the work of Rūpa-Gosvāmī (1489–1564) we know as Śrī Bhakti-Rasāmṛta-Sindhu, a fundamental work on Devotional service, Bhakti, it’s inner meanings, psychology, degrees of transformed Consciousness and things favourable to this perfection of consciousness from average karmic – influenced consciousness driven by natural tendencies towards absolutely purified Divine Consciousness, the Consciousness perfected in a pure and humble devotional service to supreme Personality of Godhead.

Vivekachudamani: The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination | Śankara-ācārya

The Vivekacūḍāmaṇi, literally "The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination," is perhaps the most famous non-commentarial work of Śankara that expounds Vedanta philosophy. Viveka means “discrimination”, Cūḍā is crest and Mani – jewel. Hence the title means “Crest jewel of discrimination”. Just as the jewel on the crest of a diadem is the most conspicuous ornament on the person’s body, so the present treatise is a masterpiece among...

Vīra Śaivism: History and Literature

Vīra-śaivas were called Vīras or heroes for their heroic attitude in an aggressive or defensive manner in support of their faith. There is a general tradition that Basava, a Brahmin, son of Mādirāja and Mādāmba was the founder of the Vīra-śaiva sect. Basava was appointed as the minister in complete charge of Vijjala’s treasury and other administrative functions.

Vīra Śaivism

To develop Vīra Śaivism into a full-blown system, to give it an independent social status, to make it definitive and distinctive from Śaivism was reserved to the genius of Basava, a great hero of Karṇāṭaka of the 12th century.Vīra Śaivism as a religion owes its birth to Basava. It started from Śivānubhava-Mantapa, the religious house of experience, which was a spiritual and social institution.

Kaśmīra Śaivism

Kaśmīra Śaivism, as a monistic system of thought, as distinct from ritualistic religion, arose in Kaśmīra in the 9th century A.D.It is a non-Vedic system, because it does not recognize the Veda as the final authority. It is primarily based, not on reason nor on Scriptural authority, but on the most direct experience of the true reality through spiritual discipline, the practice of Yoga.

Śaiva Siddhāṅta Philosophy

Śaiva Siddhāṅta is the name by which Tamil Śaivism is known. The expression literally means “the settled conclusion or final position of Śaivism”; and it serves to distinguish the system from non-Śaiva Schools as well as from other types of Śaivism.

Caitanya Philosophy A-Cintya-Bhedābheda

Caitanya's philosophy is mainly based on Daśa-mūla-śloka (the ten basic verses) ascribed by the Gaudīya (Bengal) Vaiṣṇavas to Caitanya himself.The relation between the Lord’s essence or sva-rūpa and His manifold powers is one of unthinkable difference-in-non-difference or A-Cintya-Bhedābheda.It should be known not as a form of dualistic personal Idealism, but as a-cintya-bhedābheda or a form of idealistic Monism.

Śuddhādvaita of Vallabha

The world and souls are in essence one with Brahman, and consequently the system of Vallabha is known as Śuddhādvaita (pure non-dualism) as contrasted with the māyā-vāda of Śankara.Vallabha (A.D. 1473-1531),the advocate of the Śuddhādvaita (pure Non-dualism) system of Vedanta, was born of a learned brāhmin family about fifty miles to the north-west of Madras in South India.