Sikh Teachings and Teachers

Golden Temple & Amritsar | History & Details

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Amritsar, also known as Har Mandir in Punjab and India, and Golden Temple in the western world, is the world seat of Sikhism. It is a living symbol of spiritual and historical traditions of the Sikhs. It emerged as the new edifice on the Indian subcontinent’s religious landscape in the 17th century, when, in 1604 AD the first volume of Ādi...

Sikh Prayers & Supplications | Index

Sikh Prayers | English & Punjabi 1. Jap Ji 2. Kirtan Sohila 3. Ardās Sikhu Lūgšanas | Latviski (Latvian) & Punjabi 1. Džapdži 2. Kirtan Sohila 3. Ardās

33 Swaiyas | Guru Gobind Singh

These 33 Swaiyas or Verses give the gist of the teachings of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and last human Guru of the Sikhs. The work 33 Swaiyas is also a part of Dasam Granth, a collection of works believed to be written by Guru Gobind Singh, but separate from Śrī Guru Granth Sāhib. He describes the attributes of the Godhead whom his Sikhs ought...

Sikh Duties | Raza & Rehat

A general principle of duties appeared first in Sikhism in the teachings of Guru Nānak and some of the prominent personal and social duties, relating the person to the organisation, evolved gradually later. These are: 1. the general principle of duties, raza, and 2. some specific ethico-organisational duties, Rehat, inspired by the genius of the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh.

Virtues in Sikhi

The virtues, according to the Sikh Gurus, may be learnt and cultivated. Guru Nānak, in one of his compositions, declares categorically that “devotion without virtues is impossible.” This stress on morality is clearly noticeable throughout the teachings of the Gurus. The Gurus also regard virtues as qualities essential to endear the self to the Divine. It is, as Guru Nānak says, “charming one’s love with...

Five Thieves | Five Evils | Sikhi

A study of Sikhism reveals that there are 4 inter-related groups of motivation: (1) The first group includes a cluster of 5 motives which are termed as moral evils or Five Thieves necessitating their sublimation and regulation by (2) virtues (3) social motives and (4) the urge for the Spiritual. 1. kām, concupiscence (or lust), 2. lobh, covetousness (or greed), 3. moh, attachment (and also...

Self-realization as the Moral Standard in Sikhi

Self-realization as the Moral Standard in Sikhism. The problem, for morality or, for that matter, for the whole of life, is how to widen or overcome this narrow or too limited point of view, centred in and around self-ness, so that man may realise (hovie) the greater self or the real self. In Japji, this real self is termed by Guru Nānak, Sachiāra, which is...

Ethics of Guru Nanak

Ethics of Guru Nānak The religion of Guru Nānak is the religion of householders. He has totally rejected the division of varṇas (castes) and āśramas (stages of life) enjoined by Hindu śāstras. Activity is the keynote of the Guru’s philosophy and the basis of his ethics. For him none is born great, none is inferior to the other; the walls and prejudices created in society...

Sikhi | Basic Concepts

Sikhi | Basic Concepts What follows next is the philosophical overview of the basic concepts and teachings of Sikhi, with many appropriate examples from Guru Granth Sāhib, where it is necessary, on the following subjects: 1. The Concept of God 2. The World 3. Haumain (Ego) 4. Deliverance from Ego 5. Goal 6. Gurmukh or the Ideal Man 7. The Path and Discipline 8. Sikh...

Concept of Chaṛhdī Kalā in Sikhi

The Concept of Chaṛhdī Kalā in Sikhism. The Sikhs are a unique spirit-born people believing in Guru Nānak’s basic concepts of “Work, Worship and Charity” and “Gurmukh, Nām, Dāna, Ishnana.” Nām refers to the Power, the Energy, the Universal Cosmic Life Force and the vibrant manifestation of God in creation. Chaṛhdī Kalā indicates the elation or high spirits of Sikhism: a mind that never despairs,...

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